Rabbi Goldstein had emerged as a prominent voice of resilience and determination after a gunman who was yelling antisemitic slurs attacked the Chabad of Poway, in Poway, Calif., killing a woman and injuring three other people on April 27, 2019, during the Jewish holiday of Passover.
Rabbi Goldstein, who was already under investigation in connection with the fraud schemes at the time of the attack, was shot in both hands and lost an index finger. In the days after, he condemned antisemitism at the United Nations and spoke at a National Day of Prayer event at the White House with President Donald J. Trump.
“I guarantee you, we will not be intimidated or deterred by terror,” he said after the shooting. “Terror will not win.”
In September, the man who carried out the attack, John T. Earnest of San Diego, was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole in a deal that spared him the death penalty. Mr. Earnest, who had expressed a desire to kill Jews and Muslims, had also pleaded guilty to setting fire to a mosque.
Rabbi Goldstein established the Chabad of Poway in 1986 and had served as its director and head rabbi until 2018, prosecutors said.
He began cooperating with the authorities shortly after federal agents executed search warrants at his home in October 2018, and he worked undercover for the government, his lawyers said in court papers.
In July 2020, Rabbi Goldstein and five associates pleaded guilty to their roles in the schemes, which was intended to defraud the Internal Revenue Service, several Fortune 500 companies, and several public and private agencies.